Wednesday, August 09, 2006

Who invented the straight-jacket?

The straight-jacket acquired a bad reputation in the twentieth century. With "chemical straight-jackets" like Haldol and Thorazine, the use of the cloth one seemed barbaric.Originally the straight-jacket was considered a humane advance over the chains that were used at the time to restrain dangerous patients. In a straight-jacket the patient could walk around freely without risking harm to himsellf or others. Furthermore, the anger generated by chaining people made them more dangerous and also distorted observations of their true clinical state. For anyone who is interested I might add that the straight jacket was invented in 1790 by an upholster named Guilleret at Bicêtre, an asylum for the chronically mentally ill near Paris. Known as la camisol de force it was a vest of strong cloth with long sleeves which could be attached to each other behind the back of the person one wanted to prevent from causing harm. [Funck-Brentano, F. & Marindaz, G. L'Hôpital Général Bicêtre, Lyon, 1928, p.26]]

10 comments:

  1. Straight jacket--Good

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  2. WHO ARE YOU FREAK

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  3. HOW ABOUT MODERN STRAIGHT JACKETS

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  4. This was very interesting and helpful.

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  5. ....you didn't say who actually invented it...

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  6. why is it called a straight jacket???

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  7. Technically, it was originally called a "straitjacket" not straightjacket. A "strait" is a narrow channel joining 2 bodies of water. Thus the name, since it is a jacket that joins two arms. Guilleret at Bicêtre invented the device in 1790.

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  8. I am doing a school assignment using this THANKS!!! :D

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  9. This answered a question we were having a discussion about regarding why it's called a straight jacket,when you're arms are not straightened by the garment,but bent.

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